Many throws which target opponent’s legs are forbidden in judo, so smaller fighters don’t have much choice. But there is a way – o goshi!
Fight of David versus Goliath can be seen in judo pretty often, especially when it comes to the heavyweight bout. If one fighter is more than 2 meters tall, and the other one is smaller than 1,75 meters, it looks like you are fighting against a giant. Many throws which target opponent’s legs are forbidden in judo, so smaller fighters don’t have much choice. But there is a way – o goshi! This is an excellent technique which can use opponent’s belt or back against him. You can end up the fight in a very easy way!
Earlier, smaller fighters were catching opponent’s legs and knees. In modern judo, their only choices are the throws which can be applied at the level of hip or belt. Sometimes a lucky smaller opponent can reach giant’s kimono, but o goshi doesn’t require contact with the chest or arms at all! The only thing you should do is to pull your arm behind your opponent and reach his belt or middle part of his back. Everyone can do that, no matter how tall your opponent is!
This compilation will show you the true power of o goshi. No matter how strong or tall your opponent is, there is no Goliath anymore.
There is no need to be afraid before the match with the taller opponent anymore. This tutorial will teach you how to use O Goshi against him!
What is O Goshi (Hip Throw)?
Known as the full hip throw, o goshi is the technique where the hip plays a major role when it comes to the throwing attempt. The technique is widely used in other martial arts, like Sambo, mixed martial arts, and Brazilian jiu-jitsu.
Even some self-defense courses teach you o goshi in the first class. The assumption is that the attacker will be taller than you. If you want to teach bully a lesson, this technique will show him that he should never judge by height or body proportions. No matter how big someone is, you don’t need much power to throw him over your hip.
This is one of Jigoro Kano’s throws. It is also a part of Kodokan Judo. It is also classified as a hip technique or Koshi Waza in Japanese.
The nature of the throw makes it an ultimate counter strike for someone who constantly grabs your neck or works on the upper part of your kimono. If your opponent has longer hands, this is an ultimate way to surprise him!
In MMA, Ronda Rousey performed o goshi few times and successfully dropped her opponents on the ground.
Executing the technique
You can apply o goshi if you want to release your neck or back from the opponent whose hands are stronger and whose grip is extremely strong. If you know he will not let you go, it is time to use it to your advantage.
The most important thing is to maintain the contact and small distance with your opponent all the time. It is a good choice for the opponents who like close distance fighting. You will face fewer problems performing the technique if you and your opponent stand in the same stance. Here is a good demonstration video.
Both tori and uke stand in guard. Place your left arm in the level of uke’s elbow, while your right arm remains on uke’s chest. Sweep with your right leg backward maintaining the contact with your opponent all the time.
Note: You don’t have to sweep with your right leg, you can only perform a sudden step towards your opponent. However, sweeping will ease the job for you.
Step forward towards your opponent, lifting his right hand up. Decrease the distance between your chest and the chest of your opponent. Rotate both your left and right leg 45-degrees counterclockwise. Push your right hand under his armpit. Place your right hand on the level of opponent’s rhomboid muscles if you are taller than him. If you are smaller, grab his belt. Both techniques are correct and possible in MMA, despite it is a lot easier to grab the rear side of the opponent’s shorts.
Note: It is very important to lift opponent’s kimono in the level of his left shoulder at the same time when you lift his right hand. This will decrease the distance and enable the better control of the situation. Place your right leg between opponent’s legs. You can also rotate your left leg more, but you will rotate it less in step 3.
Rotate your right leg additional 135-degrees counterclockwise, turning the hip towards your opponent. Your left leg also rotates 135-degrees counterclockwise and you have to place it beside your right leg, shoulder width apart. Make sure the distance between you and your opponent is as small as possible. Your glutes should touch the opponent’s belt. Pull his right arm in the level of your chest bending your knees.
Note: the distance between you and your opponent has to be minimal when you turn your back. If the distance is too big, the throw attempt will be unsuccessful.
Squat down and pull your opponent forward, lifting him off the ground. Pull your left arm counterclockwise and towards the ground and let the opponent fly over your back. Make sure you let your opponent go as soon as your right hand is close to the position of full extension if you don’t want to fall with him on the ground. It is very important to release both hands of the opponent’s kimono at the same time.
Note: In MMA, you should control opponent’s right hand to prevent a choke attempt. Make sure you grab the rear part of the opponent’s shorts for the successful throw since there is no belt.
After the throw
In judo, you will probably win the fight, but a good opponent will know how to rotate on the side or stomach. You can try to hold him on the ground or perform an armbar. His arm remains in your arms, so you can attempt head scissors or some similar technique.
In MMA fight, you can assume north south position or side control position. You can punch, knee or elbow your opponent. But if you are in the north south position, you can attempt anaconda choke or D’Arce choke. Those techniques are not often and your opponent will be surprised for sure. If you are in the pride fight, use north south position to knee the head of your opponent.
Countering O Goshi
O goshi is a very dangerous technique for the taller opponent, but very risky for you at the same time. It leaves you wide open if the opponent is able to prevent you from lifting him off the ground. It opens many counter possibilities.
The most often counter is tani otoshi. Make sure you lower your center of gravity before your opponent is able to lower his hip under the level of your hips. Standing in a parallel stance, grab his kimono, slide with your leg behind his legs and obtain a world-class counter.
Ushiro goshi and utsuri goshi are great counters if you have a perfect timing and strength to lift your opponent off the ground. You see an example of how to counter harai goshi. The first phase of harai goshi has similarities with o goshi, so this type of counter is more than possible.
Yoko guruma could be a great choice if you want to sacrifice yourself and duck under the attacking opponent. If you want an efficient yokoguruma, it is very important to lower your center of gravity under opponent’s hips before he is able to perform a squat.
If you are very quick, yoko guruma and tani otoshi are the most effective counters. If you are very strong judoka, you can try ushiro goshi or utsuri goshi and counter in a very attractive way.
O goshi as a counter technique
The technique is good for attacking, but you can also perform a counter strike.
Ouchi gari is vulnerable to o goshi. You need to catch the moment when your attacker tries to reap you with his front leg. Hunt the moment just before reaping, rotate your back, lift the opponent off the ground and surprise him!
Other Important Facts
Take a look at this video, you will notice the most often o goshi errors.
Here is a video for BJJ version of o goshi. You can use it in MMA fight easily!
Wrap It Up
This is an excellent technique if your opponent thinks he is going to win because he is stronger and bigger. No matter how big he is, o goshi will always be an advantage of the smaller fighters. This is one of the best ways to defeat a big and strong opponent if you are faster than him.
And for the end, enjoy this world class o goshi by Israeli legend Tall Flicker!